FINMA said that it had carried out several inspections at Swiss banks to see if anti-money laundering rules were followed in connection with the alleged cases of corruption linked to Petróleos de Venezuela S.A. (PDVSA), as it is known in full, and FIFA. Part of this process included the appointment, in 2017, of an agent to investigate Julius Baer. In 2018, FINMA broadened its probe after one of the bank’s client advisors in the US was arrested, and in response to events unfolding in Venezuela.
The regulator said it found “systematic failings” in how Julius Baer followed AML rules.
For example, almost all of the 70 business relationships selected on a risk basis and the “vast majority” of the more than 150 sample transactions selected on the same basis showed irregularities, FINMA said. The offences spanned a period of several years, from 2009 to early 2018.
“FINMA also uncovered systematic failures in risk management at Julius Baer, which repeatedly failed to react to clear indications of possible money laundering risks or did not do so decisively enough,” it said.
The regulator said that Julius Baer “did not do enough to determine the identities of clients, nor did it establish the purpose or background of its business relationships”.
The watchdog said it unearthed “organisational failings and misplaced incentives”, which it said encouraged people to breach legal obligations. Julius Baer’s remuneration system “focused almost exclusively on financial targets and paid scant regard to compliance and risk management goals”.
“As an example, a client advisor looking after Venezuelan clients in 2016 and 2017 received bonuses and other remuneration in the millions, even though Julius Baer had reported a number of his clients, on the basis of investigations or suspected wrongdoing in connection with the PDVSA case, to the Money Laundering Reporting Office Switzerland (MROS),” the bank said. “In 2017, the client advisor’s bonus was reduced by only 2.5 per cent. Even the previous year, the individual had been awarded a special bonus reserved for ‘top performers’. Through these payments, the client advisor in both years received the highest total remuneration of his career at Julius Baer.”
The bank’s statement said: “The identified deficiencies have been addressed, and in particular the Bank’s control system as well as compliance processes have been improved and strengthened significantly, both in terms of personnel and in the context of in-house rules and management principles. Julius Baer notes that FINMA has expressly acknowledged these measures in its assessment.”
Julius Baer said that its Latin American business has been under new leadership since December 2017, and new appointments have been made to “all key positions”.
“The region’s strategy has been completely overhauled, including the introduction of a market-specific focus that has resulted, among other things, in the closure of the local business in Panama and Venezuela,” it said.
“The group undertook a comprehensive programme over the last two years to strengthen its global risk management, and made new appointments to key and leadership positions. This programme addressed many of the weaknesses identified by FINMA. Further investments and measures are being implemented with high priority,” it said.
In recent years the Swiss financial services industry has been caught up in several global corruption cases (Petrobras, Odebrecht, 1MDB, Panama Papers, FIFA and PDVSA).
“FINMA has therefore focused its AML supervisory activities on how institutions deal with such international money-laundering cases. Among the institutions it supervises, FINMA has most recently and in general observed higher standards of compliance with the legal obligations to combat money laundering. FINMA’s risk monitor continues to designate money laundering as a major risk to the Swiss financial services industry,” FINMA said.