Terms such as genomics, telemedicine and healthtech are increasingly parts of the investment vocabulary. The long-term nature of such areas makes them well-suited to the wealth management audience. This article delves into the details.
In this commentary from thematic investing firm Global X (more details below) it explores the ways in which forces such as ageing, modern science and technology have come to together to change healthcare and, with it, investment opportunities in the space.
The article is by Morgane Delledonne, director of research, Global X. The editors of this news service are pleased to share these insights and invite responses. The usual editorial disclaimers apply to views of guest contributors. To respond, email email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org
Structural trends such as inequality, ageing populations, systemic inefficiencies, and improving connectivity have reinforced the need for the adoption of technology in the healthcare sector. While the healthcare sector was slow to embrace the digital transformation offered by emerging technologies for many years, the pandemic has been a catalyst to the adoption of telemedicine and digital health globally. The overall digital health market is expected to grow from $216 billion in 2020 to more than $657 billion by 2026. In the following piece, we explore the digitisation of healthcare in Europe and the telemedicine, digital health, and genomics companies leading in the region.(1)
Intergovernmental initiatives drive the digitisation of
European countries face several health-related challenges, including ageing populations, chronic diseases, unequal quality and access to healthcare services, and a shortage of health professionals. In Europe, digital health emerged as a strategic health priority well before the COVID-19 pandemic, but the crisis further accelerated its adoption across the block.
Prior to the pandemic, Horizon 2020 was the largest EU research and innovation programme with nearly €80 billion of funding available over 2014 to 2020 (2). Among other innovative projects, Horizon 2020 funded Digital Health Europe, which is aimed at supporting large-scale adoption of digital solutions for person-centred integrated care, promoting digitised models of care, enabling breakthroughs and securing Europe's global competitiveness. For example, Digital Health Europe funded a project in Spain and Portugal that has created an artificial intelligence (AI) system capable of monitoring and predicting future relapses of patients suffering from multi-morbidity conditions (3). In 2019, the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the European Union (EU) advocated the use of health technologies to reduce inequalities and improve health and wellbeing (4). Both organisations emphasised digital health as a crucial component of healthcare services to actively contribute to the achievement of the United Nation’s Agenda 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.
Since the COVID-19 pandemic began, public authorities have increasingly relied on the use of digital solutions such as telemedicine and contact tracing apps to facilitate virtual patient-doctor visits and monitor outbreaks. As the world returns to normal, Europe is building on the recent momentum to continue to digitalise healthcare across the region. The European Programme of Work for 2020–2025, called “United Action for Better Health” sets priorities for the future of healthcare in Europe and identifies digital health as key to realising this vision. The EU has also created EU4Health, investing €5.1 billion, to continue efforts from the Horizon 2020 programme (5). The main objectives behind digitisation of healthcare are to secure access and exchange of health data across the EU, and pool health data for research and personalised medicine. These initiatives will spur existing efforts to adopt digital health across Europe and complement the WHO Global Strategy on Digital Health.
European digital health and genomics markets
Telemedicine, digital health and genomics companies posted strong performances amid the pandemic, given the sector's defensive nature and a surge in healthcare-related spending to combat COVID-19. The MSCI World Health Care Index and the Solactive Genomics Index increased 12 per cent and 52 per cent respectively in 2020. The digital health market in Europe was valued at $38.1 billion in 2019 and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 27.1 per cent over the next five years (6).
Telemedicine and digital health
The European market for healthcare information technology (HCIT) and related services, is growing substantially, spurred by the expanding volume of data in healthcare, the need for fast and efficient processes and patients’ growing need for data accessibility. The COVID-19-pandemic in 2020 and the immense stress it has put on the European healthcare system have accelerated demand for HCIT solutions. This growth trend has also been powered by public financial initiatives in recent years.
COVID-19 impact on telemedicine adoption in EU
Telemedicine accounted for $1.7 billion in 2019 and is expected to be the fastest growing segment of the European digital health market with a CAGR of 26.1 per cent over the next five years (7).
One of the main companies in the digital health sector is Compugroup Medical SE (CGM), a Germany-based top provider focusing on software solutions for health professionals. Its activities are divided into Health Provider Services, focusing on the development and sale of software solutions for professional healthcare settings and Health Connectivity Services, a networking service between participants in the healthcare sector. The CGM group is successfully converting its product portfolio to a Software-as-a-Service model, becoming a leading player in the development of global eHealth solutions. CGM expects revenue growth of 19 per cent in 2020 to rise to 24 per cent in 2021, including two acquisitions completed in the financial year 2020. Organic growth is expected to range between 4 and 8 per cent (8).
Since the completion of the Human Genome Project in 2003, genomics research has accelerated alongside the vast collection of genetic data across populations.
By developing a greater understanding of the human body at a genetic level, new therapies are emerging that can treat diseases that were previously considered uncurable. Going forward, integrating data from several genomics-based research projects and data sets will require a greater incorporation of computing technology, such as AI-driven computational biology in the drug development process. Moreover, we believe that AI-based drug development is likely to benefit from the continued digitisation of personal biological data and electronic health records.
The growth of the genomics market has largely been driven by factors such as availability of government funding, the collection of genetic data, the number and success of genomics-based studies, disease rates, technological advancements, demand for modified crops, and discoveries of new-use cases for genomics-based treatments. As DNA sequencing costs continue to fall at a rapid rate, the collection of genetic data is becoming easier, furthering advancements in the genomics space (9).
Good examples of the rapid growth of the genomic market are uniQure NV, a Netherlands-based company focusing on the development of gene therapies and Cellectis SA, a French company which is active in the field of gene-editing. Gene therapy seeks to modify or control how one’s body expresses certain genetic information, potentially replacing, modifying, or deactivating the genes associated with debilitating diseases. Year-on-year uniQure NV grew revenues by 415.2 per cent from $7.28 million to $37.5 million (10).
Cellectis develops off-the-shelf gene-edited CAR-T cells that aim to force the immune system to target and eradicate cancer cells. Year-on-year Cellectis SA grew revenues by 258.7 per cent from €23 million to €82.5 million (11).
Telemedicine and digital health can expand access to healthcare by making it more geographically and financially accessible, presenting opportunities for large-scale adoption in Europe and around the world. In the meantime, genomics can revolutionise treatment options and improve patient outcomes with the rise of personalised medicine. We believe that the benefits seen by patients, providers, and payers will continue to drive the overall adoption of these themes.
Global X, the New York-based firm, operates in the field of thematic investing, providing exchange-traded funds and other investment entities. It oversees more than $33 billion in assets across more than 80 ETF strategies.