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Malaysian Wealth Management - Latest Developments
29 June 2021
This news service is pleased to share this update outlining important developments affecting the wealth management sector in Malaysia. The note comes from Wong & Partners, member firm of in Malaysia. The COVID-19 pandemic brought about the largest Malaysian Budget in history, which was unveiled on 6 November 2020, in efforts to shore up the Malaysian economy and keep livelihoods and local businesses afloat. The Malaysian Budget 2021 (Budget) was announced in the midst of a number of other COVID-19-related stimulus packages implemented to help Malaysians weather the pandemic, and was later legislated into the Finance Act 2020 (gazetted on 31 December 2020) (Finance Act). Direct tax and indirect tax matters Stamp duty Audits following disclosure under the 2018 Special Voluntary Disclosure Programme (SVDP) Developments regarding the Labuan tax regime Updates to the economic substance requirements in Labuan In a letter dated 29 January 2021, the IRB stipulated that persons who wish to avail themselves of the stamp duty exemption above will need to ensure that the relevant Labuan entity has satisfied the relevant economic substance requirements described above. Changes relating to the disclosure of beneficial ownership Extension of transitional period New beneficial ownership-related provisions proposed under the CA Bill Common reporting standard (CRS) and automatic exchange of information in Malaysia
Authors of the article are Adeline Wong – partner; Istee Cheah – partner; Tanya Tan – associate; Lisa Yeoh – associate, and Mei Yeo - legal assistant.
The editors of this news service are pleased to share these views, and invite responses. The usual editorial disclaimers apply. To respond, email firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com
We have summarised some of the key legal and tax developments in the past year that are relevant to the wealth management industry.
Reduction of income tax rate
Pursuant to the Budget, the resident individual income tax rate for the chargeable income band of RM 50,001 to RM 70,000 has been reduced from 14 per cent to 13 per cent with effect from the year of assessment (YA) 2021.
With this, in line with Malaysia's progressive personal income tax system, tax resident individuals with a chargeable income of over RM 70,000 will be able to enjoy a slight reduction in income tax payable.
Increase in tax deduction cap for lifestyle
Previously, individual taxpayers could claim a lifestyle tax relief of up to RM 2,500 for expenses incurred in purchasing reading materials (such as e-books, printed daily newspapers), a personal computer, smartphone or tablet, internet subscription, sports equipment and gymnasium memberships.
Under the Finance Act, effective from YA 2021 onwards:
-- an additional RM 500 income tax relief is allocated for the cost of purchase of sports equipment, entry or rental fees for sport facilities and fees for participation in sports competitions; and
-- the scope of the lifestyle income tax relief for reading materials now includes subscriptions to electronic reading materials.
Real property gains tax (RPGT)
RPGT exemption for disposal of residential properties
Any Malaysian citizen is exempted from paying RPGT on gains received on the disposal of up to three residential properties in Malaysia on or after 1 June 2020 until 31 December 2021, provided that:
-- the property was not acquired by way of a transfer between spouses, or a gift between spouses, parent and child or grandparent and grandchild, where the donor is a citizen; and
-- the sale and purchase agreement or any other instrument of transfer for the disposal of the residential property is executed between 1 June 2020 and 31 December 2021 (inclusive) and is duly stamped no later than 31 January 2022.
Extension of stamp duty exemption for the purchase of a first residential home.
To increase the number of home owners in Malaysia, the Malaysian Government has raised the stamp duty exemption limit for first-time residential property buyers from RM 300,000 to RM 500,000.
The exemption now applies to sale and purchase agreements executed from 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2025. The exemption is available only to Malaysian citizens.
Extension of stamp duty exemption for exchange traded funds (ETF)
Previously, contract notes for the sale and purchase of ETFs executed within the period from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2020 were exempted from stamp duty. The government has extended this stamp duty exemption for five years to cover contract notes for the trading of ETFs executed from 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2025.
The previous government administration had introduced the SVDP (1) to encourage taxpayers to come forward to disclose their previously misreported income and deductions. A lower penalty rate of 10 per cent or 15 per cent was offered. Under the Operational Guidelines No. 1/2019 on the SVDP (SVDP Guidelines), the Inland Revenue Board (IRB) had stated that it would accept such disclosures in good faith, and that audits would not be carried out for the years in respect of which voluntary disclosures were made.
Earlier this year, there were reports of the IRB initiating probes and audits against a number of SVDP participants in relation to the periods for which the voluntary disclosures were made.
In a media statement released by the IRB on 9 March 2021, the IRB clarified that its promise to refrain from future audits was conditional upon, amongst others, the taxpayer ensuring that the voluntary disclosure made takes into account all taxable income. Audits or investigations by the IRB may be conducted if the SVDP participants did not fully comply with the conditions stipulated under the SVDP Guidelines.
New management and control requirements for Labuan entities undertaking pure equity holding (PEH) activities (Labuan PEH Entities) (2)
Previously, the Labuan Business Activity Tax (Requirements for Labuan Business Activity) Regulations 2018 had required all Labuan holding companies, which arguably includes all Labuan PEH Entities, to have a minimum of two full-time employees in Labuan and an annual operating expenditure (OPEX) of RM 50,000 in Labuan.
The Labuan Business Activity Tax (Exemption) Order 2020, which was gazetted on 2 June 2020 and had retrospective effect from 1 January 2019, exempts Labuan PEH Entities from the requirement to have full-time employees in Labuan. Additionally, the amount of minimum OPEX required in Labuan is also reduced from RM 50,000 to RM 20,000 pursuant to an amendment to the Regulations. (3) Although Labuan PEH Entities are no longer required to have full-time employees in Labuan, in practice, the Labuan Financial Services Authority (LFSA) requires all such entities to ensure that management and control are exercised in Labuan. (4)
For this purpose, LFSA has directed all Labuan PEH Entities to comply with the following requirements:
-- have at least one board meeting in Labuan in the relevant tax year; (5)
-- have their registered office in Labuan;
-- appoint a Labuan trust company as resident secretary in Labuan; and
-- keep the accounting and business records, including minutes of meetings, in Labuan.
In view of ongoing travel restrictions due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the LFSA had previously allowed a concession to the board meeting requirement. Board meetings could be held virtually up to 31 December 2020, provided that the hosting of such meetings was arranged by the resident secretary in Labuan. Further guidance has yet to be released by the relevant authorities on whether this concession will be extended.
Availability of stamp duty exemption subject to fulfilment of economic substance requirements
Presently, stamp duty exemption (6) is available in respect of the following instruments:
-- all instruments that are executed by a Labuan entity in connection with a Labuan business activity; (7)
-- all Memoranda and Articles of Association, statute, charter, rules, by-laws, partnership agreements or other instruments, under or by which a Labuan entity is established and the scope of that entity's function, business, powers and duties are set out, whether contained in one or more documents; and
-- all instruments of transfer of shares in a Labuan entity.
In the same vein, the IRB also instructed that the stamping of all instruments relating to Labuan entities has to be done via the online STAMPS portal from 1 February 2021 onwards. Such stamping applications would need to be accompanied by supporting documents to evidence compliance with the relevant economic substance requirements. This includes, amongst others, employment letters, employees provident fund (EPF)/social security organisation (SOCSO) contribution documents, employer tax returns for the employees (i.e., Form EA), utility bills and documents evidencing expenditure on rental of office space.
Taxation of Labuan entities carrying on "other trading" activities under the Income Tax Act (ITA)
Previously, the LFSA had issued a circular dated 21 January 2020 announcing that the Ministry of Finance had approved Labuan entities undertaking "other trading" activities to be eligible for the preferential tax regime under the Labuan Business Activity Tax Act (LBATA), provided such entities comply with the requirement to have two full-time employees in Labuan, and an annual OPEX of RM 50,000. Such "other trading" activities included administrative, accounting and legal services including backroom processing, payroll services, insolvency-related services and management services.
However, such policy decision was not included in the amended regulations. Instead, the IRB had issued a letter dated 5 February 2021 stipulating that Labuan entities that carried out such "other trading" activities are to be taxed under the ITA instead of the LBATA.
Previously, the Companies Commission of Malaysia (CCM) had issued the Guidelines for the Reporting Framework for Beneficial Ownership of Legal Persons which came into force on 1 March 2020. Under these beneficial ownership guidelines, existing companies in Malaysia had until 31 December 2020 to obtain and update the requisite information about their beneficial owners. This was known as the transitional period, and such information collected had to be submitted to the CCM within 14 days from the end of the transitional period.
However, on 17 December 2020, the CCM announced an indefinite extension of the transitional period. (8) Specifically, the CCM clarified that the end of the extended transitional period would coincide with the Companies (Amendment) Bill 2020 (CA Bill) and the Limited Liability Partnerships (Amendment) Bill 2020 (LLPA Bill) coming into force. Apart from allowing companies, limited liability partnerships, company secretaries, and compliance officers to familiarise themselves with their obligations under the beneficial ownership guidelines. The transitional period was also extended to facilitate the practical implementation of the new provisions relating to beneficial ownership proposed under the CA Bill and LLPA Bill.
At the time of writing, there is no information as to when the CA Bill and LLPA Bill will come into force.
Presently, Section 56 of the Companies Act empowers companies to, amongst others, request beneficial ownership-related information from their shareholders by way of a notice in writing and record the same in a separate part of the register of members.
Under the CA Bill, there are new provisions proposed to further augment the obligation for companies to identify and disclose their beneficial owners to the CCM. Some of the notable amendments proposed under the CA Bill include the following:
-- the definition of a beneficial owner is to be refined to mean "a natural person who ultimately owns or controls a company and includes an individual who exercises ultimate effective control over a company," expanding the ambit of the definition to include a non-member, as long as such person ultimately controls the company;
-- in addition to obtaining beneficial ownership information from its members, a company may also obtain such information from any person it knows or has reasonable grounds to believe (i) is a beneficial owner; or (ii) has information of a beneficial owner;
-- beneficial owners will now have a duty to notify the company that they are a beneficial owner in relation to the company and provide such other information as may be prescribed;
-- companies will be required to include information on their beneficial owners in the annual returns that are filed to the CCM; and
-- the beneficial ownership register maintained by companies may be made available to, amongst others, the beneficial owners themselves, the Royal Malaysian Police, Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission, Royal Malaysian Customs Department, the Central Bank of Malaysia and the Securities Commission of Malaysia.
New guidelines to be issued for the reporting of trusts
Malaysian companies registered under the Trust Companies Act 1949 are similarly required to comply with the beneficial ownership guidelines. In addition to this, the CCM has announced (9) that there will be separate guidelines issued for such trust companies to report the beneficial owners of the legal arrangements for which such trust companies act as trustees. At the time of writing, no further details have been released.
Updated List of Reportable Jurisdictions
The IRB published the first List of Reportable Jurisdictions on 15 January 2018 and subsequently updated the list several times. The latest update was on 15 January 2021 whereby Costa Rica, Curaçao, and Turkey were added. The list now includes 70 jurisdictions (previously 67 as at 15 January 2020).
Other relevant updates
New public ruling on the taxation on trusts
On 6 November 2020, the IRB issued a Public Ruling No. 9/2020 on the Taxation of Trusts (Public Ruling). This Public Ruling provides an understanding of the interpretation taken by the IRB in respect of the taxation of trusts, including the ascertainment of the statutory income of a beneficiary.
Section 61 of the ITA provides that beneficiaries shall be taxed on, amongst others, income from their "further source", which includes the amount received outside of Malaysia from the trustee (that is subsequently remitted into Malaysia). Notably, under this Public Ruling, the IRB acknowledges that "further source" income is deemed to have been derived from outside of Malaysia and therefore not subject to Malaysian tax, in accordance with Paragraph 28 of Schedule 6 of the ITA.
Additionally, the Public Ruling provides that the remuneration paid to the trustee to manage and administer the trust is not deductible in ascertaining the total income of the trust. However, if it can be proven that the trustee is directly involved in carrying on the business of the trust, such remuneration may be deductible under Section 33 of the ITA if it is wholly and exclusively incurred in the production of income.
Updates on tax residency issues arising from the travel restrictions due to COVID-19
In view of extended travel restrictions as a result of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the IRB had released an updated FAQ on International Tax Issues due to COVID-19 Travel Restrictions (10). Under the FAQ, the IRB has maintained that the presence in or absence from Malaysia due to COVID-19 travel restrictions will generally not affect an individual's tax residence status in Malaysia. Similarly, resident companies that cannot convene their board meetings in Malaysia or non-resident companies that have to convene their board meetings in Malaysia due to COVID-19 travel restrictions are unaffected in terms of tax residence, provided that certain conditions are met.
The FAQ has further clarified the type of documents to be retained and submitted to the IRB upon request in order to prove the inability to leave or enter Malaysia due to COVID-19 restrictions. Such documents include guidelines on local or foreign authority travel restrictions, documents that prove the individual's effort to leave or return to Malaysia (including responses from the Immigration Department of Malaysia or the relevant airlines) during the movement control order period in Malaysia, and minutes of directors' meetings stating the reasons why the directors were attending the meeting remotely from their respective locations.
Additionally, the FAQ sheds some light on the taxation of income received by individuals temporarily working overseas or in Malaysia. Briefly:
-- Malaysian tax residents who normally exercise their employment in Malaysia, but are forced to work temporarily overseas due to COVID-19 travel restrictions, are still regarded to be exercising employment in Malaysia and thus subject to Malaysian income tax; and
-- the IRB is prepared to consider that non-resident individuals are not exercising employment in Malaysia even if such individuals are working from Malaysia due to COVID-19 travel restrictions, provided certain conditions are met.
Suspension of the Malaysia My Second Home Programme (MM2H Programme)
New applications for the MM2H Programme, as well as processing new applications that have been submitted, have been suspended since 4 August 2020, while the Government reviews the programme.
It was previously reported that the MM2H Programme will be relaunched in 2021 with some changes made to the terms and conditions. No formal announcements have been made at this juncture.
This news service is pleased to share this update outlining important developments affecting the wealth management sector in Malaysia. The note comes from Wong & Partners, member firm of in Malaysia.
The COVID-19 pandemic brought about the largest Malaysian Budget in history, which was unveiled on 6 November 2020, in efforts to shore up the Malaysian economy and keep livelihoods and local businesses afloat. The Malaysian Budget 2021 (Budget) was announced in the midst of a number of other COVID-19-related stimulus packages implemented to help Malaysians weather the pandemic, and was later legislated into the Finance Act 2020 (gazetted on 31 December 2020) (Finance Act).
Direct tax and indirect tax matters
Audits following disclosure under the 2018 Special Voluntary Disclosure Programme (SVDP)
Developments regarding the Labuan tax regime
Updates to the economic substance requirements in Labuan
In a letter dated 29 January 2021, the IRB stipulated that persons who wish to avail themselves of the stamp duty exemption above will need to ensure that the relevant Labuan entity has satisfied the relevant economic substance requirements described above.
Changes relating to the disclosure of beneficial ownership
Extension of transitional period
New beneficial ownership-related provisions proposed under the CA Bill
Common reporting standard (CRS) and automatic exchange of information in Malaysia
1, The SVDP ran from 3 November 2018 to 30 September 2019.
2, A company undertaking PEH activities has been defined by the Labuan Investment Committee as a company that only holds equity participation and earns only dividends and capital gains. The receipt of interest from financial institutions arising from the placing of dividend monies or proceeds of disposal of shares, will not disqualify a company of its PEH status.
3, Labuan Business Activity Tax (Requirements for Labuan Business Activity) 2018 (Amendment) Regulations 2020 (gazetted 24 December 2020).
4, Directive on Management and Control Requirements for Labuan Entities that Undertake PEH Activities (Directive) issued by the LFSA on 10 August 2020.
5, Directive read together with the Clarification on Board Meeting Requirement dated 10 September 2020 issued by the LFSA.
6, Stamp Duty (Exemption) (No. 3) Order 2012.
7, "Labuan business activity" means a Labuan trading or a Labuan non-trading activity carried on in, from or through Labuan, excluding any activity which is an offence under any written law.
8, Frequently Asked Questions on the Extension of Time for the Transitional Period of the "Guidelines for the Reporting Framework for Beneficial Ownership of Legal Persons" to a Date to be Determined by the Registrar.
9, Frequently Asked Questions on the Beneficial Ownership Reporting Framework of Legal Persons.
10, Issued on 9 February 2021.