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Robo-Onboarding: Meet The New Normal; It’s Here To Stay

Hugo Chamberlain

smartKYC

26 March 2021

In the wealth industry, robo-advice is one of those stories that has been hovering on the edges of our consciousness for years. Challengers burst onto the scene around 2008 and market incumbents have been rushing to buy or build their own robo platforms ever since, with varying degrees of success. 

I think we can all agree that rumors of “the death of the advisor” were exaggerated. In the 2020s, most people think of robo in hybrid terms, whereby wealth managers seek to use the best of man and machine in a manner appropriate to each client segment. Clients can be secured far earlier in their wealth journeys in this way - even before they really are clients in asset terms. 

This democratization of wealth management services through robo offerings is much needed by firms and investors (the former being under constant margin pressure and the latter often undermanaged at the mass-affluent stage). Yet for both cost and client experience reasons, I would argue that it is only really workable in the context of fully automated onboarding. In this end of the pool, initial balances may be relatively modest, but large enough to trigger the most exacting KYC checks. But while immaculate compliance is non-negotiable, this work is unlikely to warrant expensive analysts’ time. 

Start-up speed; Tier 1 rigor   
This was just where one Tier 1 institution we recently worked with stood. It had ambitious plans to automatically onboard all new UK clients through its robo portal in under five minutes (absent of any red flags). Although this had already been achieved by robos working under the £10,000 threshold where less stringent KYC checks apply, it was to be an industry first at the £15,000+ level. 

An in-house build was considered. However, the challenge of achieving full automation, while also guaranteeing the same rigor of screening applied to private clients, quickly led the bank to conclude that strong adverse media search capabilities were crucial, and then to choose smartKYC as its engine. 

So, how did we deliver on start-up speed and Tier 1 rigor simultaneously in robo-onboarding?

Our first step was to take down the first hurdle to automation posed by initial ID and address verification processes. Apparently, “digital” onboarding is often anything but, and even today you will commonly see that this is actually a two-step manual process requiring document upload by clients and then review by staff.

We fully automated this stage by connecting our platform to a credit data provider which verifies addresses through direct access to the UK electoral roll. Residency confirmed, these providers can then verify an applicant’s bank accounts and prove their identity through knowledge-based authentication (special questions).

Next, we tackled checking against watchlists. The availability of aggregated lists such as World-Check can create a false impression that automation is easy here. However, as many institutions have learned to their cost, if poorly realised, this process can throw up myriad false positives which all but wipe out any automation gains. 

In this context, smartKYC has pioneered the use of artificial intelligence and natural multi-language processing (NMLP). However, I always caution institutions - their solution needs a hefty dose of common sense baked in too. Noticing if dates of birth are dissimilar enough to indicate different people is one of the numerous subtleties in making sure an applicant isn’t rejected as someone bearing the same (or similar) name. 

The same need for subtlety is true of the final piece of the puzzle: adverse media screening. The term is easily grasped; the nuances of automating these checks are often not.


 

A small haul from a wide net   
To catch all potential red flags, the net must be cast as wide as possible. Yet your eventual haul of information for analysis needs to be limited to only what is relevant. If your system can’t distinguish between an individual being accused of an affair versus allegations of money laundering, for instance, it is likely that it will create far more work than it saves.

The ability to draw these distinctions is fundamental to the success of our media screening approach. More basic solutions typically focus on searching for a name in proximity to a negative word or phrase, which could catch everything bad someone might be associated with – whether that is relevant to KYC purposes or not, or even if the link is nonsensical. They would not, for example, be able to discern that someone who had merely acted in a film about terrorism was not in fact associated with it. 

In contrast, our AI-enabled technology assesses and scores the strength of hits based on all identifying attributes captured during the media search, coupled with a strong association with a genuinely adverse concept. Yes, you would be right to assume that it takes an enormous amount of processing power to analyze, sort and filter a large number of hits from a multitude of multi-language news sources in a very short space of time. That is what it takes to automate media screening in a meaningful way. 

Setting up these processes with institutions takes some work too, but, here again, putting real thought in is essential to making automation worthy of the name. 


 

Thinking things through  
With our bank client, we first determined exactly what qualified as adverse media to ensure that the automated screening mirrored that of its existing manual systems. Then, we defined in granular detail which specific semantic patterns, sources of information and languages to incorporate. Finally, sophisticated and multilingual NLP systems were put in place to intelligently extract the pertinent nuggets of information relevant to the KYC process. 

The result is a system which ensures enhanced due diligence, while also eliminating the burdensome “white noise” of false positives. The bank’s target of fully automatic acceptance for 80 per cent of applicants was easily met, and its compliance team was then able to focus its energies on resolving remaining issues. Best of all, onboarding times were brought down to just three minutes for straightforward clients – that’s about the time it takes to read this piece. 

With this industry first, we believe a bar has been set for both quality and speed in automated KYC checks which are now incumbent on any firm with real ambitions in robo to meet. Compliance, cost-control and, most of all, the client experience demand true digital onboarding. The question is, when will your firm be able to deliver it?
 
To find out more about smartKYC's advanced enterprise solution for KYC due diligence automation, visit www.smartkyc.com

This is a chapter from the 2021 edition of Technology Traps Wealth Managers Must Avoid. Click here to download your free copy.