Life settlements - what are they and why should investors be interested? A secondary market in the US and certain other countries', life insurance policies have been around for several decades, and are not quite the niche they once were. This publication spoke to a firm operating in the space.
From niche to larger
Martenson, who has worked at a variety of financial organsations - Merrill Lynch, Schroders and Hypovereinsbank, among others – said that he came across life settlements as a market when he was working at Merrill Lynch. Martenson worked with a Swedish family offices and launched a life settlement fund in 2011, developing a strategy with some external investors as well as from the family office. The pension fund of Volvo got involved.
“Five years ago we wanted to expand more around Europe and into Asia ...This is a very international asset class,” he said. The business has raised $185 million of capital.
However, the market has faced challenges, Martenson said. The US life insurance market has strong lobbying power and firms don’t like life settlements and how people are made aware of the way in which these policies are sold.
The devil in such investments is the detail. With life settlements, managers must accurately measure mortality rates. If mortality is misjudged – people live longer than expected – then returns to those buying life policies will be squeezed. This factor is constantly reviewed. Asked about the sensitive subject of COVID-19 and any impact on mortality rates, Martenson said the number of policies in his portfolio aren’t large enough for the pandemic to affect mortality calculations.
Awareness is growing, Martenson said. In Asia, family offices in Singapore have been interested, he said. His firm is planning to take on additional staff and expand so that it can raise more capital.
The asset class, his colleague Christina Lugaro told this news service, appeals at a time when some asset classes such as hedge funds are seen, in areas such as Scandinavia, as having failed to deliver.
People should not conflate LS with Catastrophe Bonds, (“CAT bonds”) have very different cash-flows and pay-out structures, she said. For a life settlements portfolio, premiums are paid continuously and when a policy pays out the net asset value increases. This is opposite to most other asset classes where values increase gradually and then suddenly drops when a correction occurs.
As the North American and German markets have been made possible in part by legal rulings enabling policies to be sold to third parties, investors and advisors should, of course, keep an eye on any attempts by lawmakers to interfere with this.
FINRA, the US regulatory and industry body, issued this comment about the sector in its advice to clients: “Life settlements have proven profitable not only for institutional investors that purchase policies, but also for the providers and brokers who handle these transactions. As a result, competition among life settlements providers for individuals seeking to sell or otherwise terminate their life insurance policies has become increasingly intense.”
The organisation gave this advice to older citizens thinking of selling their policies: “Life settlements can be a valuable source of liquidity for people who would otherwise surrender their policies or allow them to lapse - or for people whose life insurance needs have changed. But they are not for everyone. Life settlements can have high transaction costs and unintended consequences. And even if you decide a life settlement is generally right for you, it can be hard to tell whether you are getting a fair price.”
At a time when, as Martenson says, nine out of 10 policies are never called, it is easy to see why a secondary market is gaining an audience, whatever the occasional growls.